Basics for civil Engineering(English)

180 125

Regulation 2023

ISBN 978-81-19432-94-3

 

Unit I INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL ENGINEERING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Introduction to Civil Engineering – Various disciplines of Civil engineering – Scope, Impact – Role of Civil Engineer – Units of measurement – Unit conversion (Length, Area, Volume) – List of materials, Details (types, properties, uses) of materials: Cement, Aggregate, Brick, Steel, Concrete, Stone, Soil, Mortar, Timber, Plastic, Epoxy, Fly Ash, Steel slag, Copper slag, Bitumen, Optical fiber, Pipe, Wire, Cable and FRP.

Unit II INTRODUCTION TO BUILDING PLANNING

Introduction: Introduction to National Building Code of India 2016 and its parts – Classification of buildings Conventions, Symbols: General – Conventions – Title block- Scales- Line work- Lettering- Symbols-Abbreviations.
Building Bye-Laws: Objects of bye-laws – Importance of bye-laws- Function of local authority – Setbacks – Plot Coverage – Number of floors – Height of building – Built up Area – Floor space index (FSI) – Views and details necessary for the preparation of a civil engineering drawing.
Planning of Buildings: Basic requirements, elements – Introduction to various buildings, computation of plinth area, computation of carpet area – Introduction to the types of buildings as per NBC – Selection of site for construction of buildings – Components of a residential building – Requirements – Types of Rooms – Minimum Size requirement for each type of rooms – Introduction to the Industrial buildings – Types – Introduction to the public buildings – Types – General requirements of Public Buildings.

Unit III BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

Building Construction – Foundations, Classifications – Masonry Works – classifications, definition of different technical terms, Roofs – functional requirements, basic technical terms, roof covering materials, Floors – functions, types, flooring materials (brief discussion), Plastering and Painting – objectives, types.

Unit IV INTRODUCTION TO SURVEYING AND LEVELLING

Introduction, Conventional systems of measurements, Fundamental principles, Classifications. Linear measurement: Instruments used, Chain Survey on plane ground, Offset, Ranging.
Angular measurement: Compass – Instrument used, Meridian, Bearing and Local attraction.
Leveling: Instrument used, Terminology, Types of leveling, and Methods of leveling, Introduction to contour survey.
Modern tools: Introduction to Theodolite, Total Station, Introduction to Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic information system (GIS).

Unit V ADVANCEMENTS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Mass Transportation systems – Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS), Metro Railway, Solid waste management systems, Rainwater harvesting systems, Smart city and its features, Green buildings, Energy efficient buildings, Heritage structures & its conservations – Descriptions with Sketches only.

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